MBC7

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Overview

MBC7 (Memory Bank Controller 7) is an MBC containing a 2-axis accelerometer (ADXL202E) and a 256 byte EEPROM (93LC56). A000-BFFF does not directly address the EEPROM, as most MBCs do, but rather contains several registers that can be read or written one at a time. This makes EEPROM access very slow due to needing multiple writes per address.

0000-3FFF - ROM Bank 00 (Read Only)

Same as for MBC5.

4000-7FFF - ROM Bank 00-7F (Read Only)

Same as for MBC5. (Bank 0 mapping needs confirmation)

A000-AFFF - RAM Registers (Read/Write)

Must be enabled via 0000 and 4000 region writes (see respective sections), otherwise reads read FFh and writes do nothing. Registers are addressed through bits 4-7 of the address. Bits 0-3 and 8-11 are ignored.

Accelerometer data must be latched before reading. Data is 16-bit and centered at the value 81D0. Earth's gravity affects the value by roughly 70h, with larger acceleration providing a larger range. Maximum range is unknown.

Ax0x/Ax1x - Latch Accelerometer (Write Only)

Write 55h to Ax0x to erase the latched data (reset back to 8000) then AAh to Ax1x to latch the accelerometer and update the addressable registers. Reads return FFh. Other writes do not appear to do anything (Partially unconfirmed). Note that you cannot re-latch the accelerometer value without first erasing it; attempts to do so yield no change.

Ax2x/Ax3x - Accelerometer X value (Read Only)

Ax2x contains the low byte of the X value (lower values are towards the right and higher values are towards the left), and Ax3x contains the high byte. Reads 8000 before first latching.

Ax4x/Ax5x - Accelerometer Y value (Read Only)

Ax4x contains the low byte of the Y value (lower values are towards the bottom and higher values are towards the top), and Ax5x contains the high byte. Reads 8000 before first latching.

Ax6x/Ax7x - Unknown

Ax6x always reads 00h and Ax7x always reads FFh. Possibly reserved for Z axis, which does not exist on this accelerometer.

Ax8x - EEPROM (Read/Write)

Values in this register correspond to 4 pins on the EEPROM:

  • Bit 0: Data Out (DO)
  • Bit 1: Data In (DI)
  • Bit 6: Clock (CLK or SK in existing code)
  • Bit 7: Chip Select (CS)

The other pins (notably ORG, which controls 8-bit vs 16-bit addressing) do not appear to be connected to this register.

Commands are sent to the EEPROM by shifting in a bitstream to DI while manually clocking CLK. All commands must be preceded by a 1 bit, and existing games precede the 1 bit with a 0 bit (though this is not necessary):

  • Write 00h (lower CS)
  • Write 80h (raise CS)
  • Write C0h (shift in 0 bit)
  • Write 82h (lower CS, raise DI)
  • Write C2h (shift in 1 bit)
  • Write command

The following commands exist, each 10 bits (excluding data shifted in or out). "x" means the value of this bit is ignored. "A" means the relevant bit of the address. All data is shifted in or out MSB first. Note that data is addressed 16 bits at a time, so address 1 corresponds to bits 16-31, thus bytes 2-3.

  • READ: 10xAAAAAAAb (then shift out 16 bits)
  • EWEN (Erase/Write enable): 0011xxxxxxb
  • EWDS (Erase/Write disable): 0000xxxxxxb
  • WRITE: 01xAAAAAAAb (then shift in 16 bits)
  • ERASE (fill address with FFFF): 11xAAAAAAAb
  • ERAL (fill EEPROM with FFFF): 0010xxxxxxb
  • WRAL (fill EEPROM with value): 0001xxxxxxb (then shift in 16 bits)

All programming operations (WRITE/ERASE/WRAL/ERAL) must be preceded with EWEN.

According to the datasheet, programming operations take time to settle. Continue clocking and check the value of DO to verify if command is still running. Data sheet says that the signal to DO is RDY, thus it reads a 1 when the command finishes.

Datasheet: [1]

Ax9x-AxFx - Unused

Reads out FFh.

B000-BFFF - Unknown

Only seems to read out FFh.

0000-1FFF - RAM Enable 1 (Write Only)

Mostly the same as for MBC1, a value of 0Ah will enable reading and writing to RAM registers. A value of 00h will disable it. Please note that the RAM must second be enabled in the second RAM enable section as well (4000-5FFF)

2000-3FFF - ROM Bank Number (Write Only)

The ROM bank number goes here.

4000-5FFF - RAM Enable 2 (Write Only)

Writing 40h to this region enables access to the RAM registers. Writing any other value appears to disable access to RAM, but this is not fully tested. Please note that the RAM must first be enabled in the first RAM enable section as well (0000-1FFF)

Source: [2]