FF00 - P1/JOYP - Joypad (R/W)
The eight gameboy buttons/direction keys are arranged in form of a 2x4 matrix. Select either button or direction keys by writing to this register, then read-out bit 0-3.
Bit 7 - Not used Bit 6 - Not used Bit 5 - P15 Select Button Keys (0=Select) Bit 4 - P14 Select Direction Keys (0=Select) Bit 3 - P13 Input Down or Start (0=Pressed) (Read Only) Bit 2 - P12 Input Up or Select (0=Pressed) (Read Only) Bit 1 - P11 Input Left or Button B (0=Pressed) (Read Only) Bit 0 - P10 Input Right or Button A (0=Pressed) (Read Only)
Note: Most programs are repeatedly reading from this port several times (the first reads used as short delay, allowing the inputs to stabilize, and only the value from the last read actually used).
Usage in SGB software
Beside for normal joypad input, SGB games mis-use the joypad register to output SGB command packets to the SNES, also, SGB programs may read out gamepad states from up to four different joypads which can be connected to the SNES. See SGB description for details.
INT 60 - Joypad Interrupt
Joypad interrupt is requested when any of the above Input lines changes from High to Low. Generally this should happen when a key becomes pressed (provided that the button/direction key is enabled by above Bit4/5), however, because of switch bounce, one or more High to Low transitions are usually produced both when pressing or releasing a key.
Using the Joypad Interrupt
It's more or less useless for programmers, even when selecting both buttons and direction keys simultaneously it still cannot recognize all keystrokes, because in that case a bit might be already held low by a button key, and pressing the corresponding direction key would thus cause no difference. The only meaningful purpose of the keystroke interrupt would be to terminate STOP (low power) standby state. Also, the joypad interrupt does not appear to work with CGB and GBA hardware (the STOP function can be still terminated by joypad keystrokes though).